International Journal of Advanced Medical and Health Research

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 67--73

Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and associated risk factors among adults in Chandigarh


Divesh Dik, Maninder Kaur 
 Department of Anthropology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Divesh Dik
Department of Anthropology, Panjab University, Sector-14, Chandigarh - 160 014
India

Background: Vitamin D deficiency is a global health concern affecting individuals across all the age groups in both the genders. Aims and Objectives: The present study intends to assess the prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency and associated risk factors in adult males and females of Chandigarh. Materials and Methods: The sample included 332 males and 295 females of the age ranging between 30 and 70 years. Vitamin D level of all the participants was estimated by employing chemiluminescence immunoassay method. All the subjects were divided into three categories of Vitamin D level, i.e., normal range (>30–100 ng/ml), insufficiency (21–29 ng/ml), and deficiency (0–20 ng/ml) as per the Endocrine Society Guidelines (2011). Results: The overall prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency was found to be 28.5% in males and 63.4% in females of Chandigarh. The prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency exhibited an age-associated increment in both the males and females. Conclusion: Lesser physical activity and no intake of calcium, Vitamin D, and multivitamin supplements were possible determinants of Vitamin D deficiency.


How to cite this article:
Dik D, Kaur M. Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and associated risk factors among adults in Chandigarh.Int J Adv Med Health Res 2020;7:67-73


How to cite this URL:
Dik D, Kaur M. Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and associated risk factors among adults in Chandigarh. Int J Adv Med Health Res [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Jul 30 ];7:67-73
Available from: https://www.ijamhrjournal.org/article.asp?issn=2349-4220;year=2020;volume=7;issue=2;spage=67;epage=73;aulast=Dik;type=0