International Journal of Advanced Medical and Health Research

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 5--10

Esophageal cancer in India: Current status and future perspectives


Inian Samarasam 
 Department of Surgery, Upper GI Surgery Unit, Christian Medical College Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Inian Samarasam
Upper GI Surgery Unit, Christian Medical College Hospital, Vellore - 632 004, Tamil Nadu
India

Esophageal cancer is the fourth common cause of cancer-related deaths in India. It is prevalent among both men and women. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) accounts for up to 80% of these cancers, although adenocarcinoma is on the increase due to changing lifestyles. The etiological factors for SCCs show a regional variation in different parts of India, but tobacco consumption in various forms, alcohol, hot beverages, and poor nutrition remain the predominant predisposing factors. Generally, these cancers present late and therefore have a poor prognosis. The current status of esophageal cancer in India in relation to the demographics, diagnosis, staging, multimodality treatment, surgical therapy, and the future perspectives are discussed in this review article.


How to cite this article:
Samarasam I. Esophageal cancer in India: Current status and future perspectives.Int J Adv Med Health Res 2017;4:5-10


How to cite this URL:
Samarasam I. Esophageal cancer in India: Current status and future perspectives. Int J Adv Med Health Res [serial online] 2017 [cited 2021 Apr 11 ];4:5-10
Available from: https://www.ijamhrjournal.org/article.asp?issn=2349-4220;year=2017;volume=4;issue=1;spage=5;epage=10;aulast=Samarasam;type=0