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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 67-73

Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and associated risk factors among adults in Chandigarh

Department of Anthropology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Divesh Dik
Department of Anthropology, Panjab University, Sector-14, Chandigarh - 160 014
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJAMR.IJAMR_165_20

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Background: Vitamin D deficiency is a global health concern affecting individuals across all the age groups in both the genders. Aims and Objectives: The present study intends to assess the prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency and associated risk factors in adult males and females of Chandigarh. Materials and Methods: The sample included 332 males and 295 females of the age ranging between 30 and 70 years. Vitamin D level of all the participants was estimated by employing chemiluminescence immunoassay method. All the subjects were divided into three categories of Vitamin D level, i.e., normal range (>30–100 ng/ml), insufficiency (21–29 ng/ml), and deficiency (0–20 ng/ml) as per the Endocrine Society Guidelines (2011). Results: The overall prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency was found to be 28.5% in males and 63.4% in females of Chandigarh. The prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency exhibited an age-associated increment in both the males and females. Conclusion: Lesser physical activity and no intake of calcium, Vitamin D, and multivitamin supplements were possible determinants of Vitamin D deficiency.

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