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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 47-53

Pediatric rheumatology: An under-recognized subspecialty in India


1 Department of Paediatric Rheumatology, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, United Kingdom
2 Department of Paediatric Rheumatology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Akhila Kavirayani
Consultant Paediatric Rheumatologist, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Headington, Oxford, OX 3 7HE
United Kingdom
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/IJAMR.IJAMR_62_17

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Pediatrics in India at the levels of both undergraduate and postgraduate training is often viewed upon as an acute disease specialty with little emphasis on chronic medical musculoskeletal diseases. Pediatric rheumatology is an under-recognized subspecialty of pediatrics which deals specifically with childhood arthritis, noninflammatory joint pains, connective tissue diseases, autoimmune diseases, vasculitis, and other rare inflammatory disorders. This article aims to give a bird's eye view of the repertoire of commonly encountered problems seen by a pediatric rheumatologist, via a classical case vignette for each topic followed by discussion. There is also mention of some rare diseases managed within pediatric rheumatology to give a flavor of the spectrum of diseases encountered. This is to raise awareness of the importance of pediatric rheumatology as a subspecialty within India and to prompt readers to seek specialist advice when encountering challenging cases. Pediatric rheumatologists network and work collaboratively with many other specialties such as ophthalmology, dermatology, neurology, orthopedics, nephrology, infectious diseases, immunology, and gastroenterology for combined care of diverse conditions. There is an unmet need in India to develop a training program for pediatric rheumatology so that shared care pathways with sensitized pediatricians and other specialists can be developed nationwide, to serve these children better to achieve optimal outcomes.


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